NEUROSCIENCE

 

Neuroscience (or neurobiology) is the scientific study of the nervous system. It is a multidisciplinary branch of biology.

The goal has broadened over time to include different approaches used to study the mo- lecularcellulardevelopmentalstructuralfunctionalevolutionarycomputational,psycho-social and medicalaspects of the nervous system.

Neuroscience has also given rise to such other disciplines as neuroeducation, neuroethics, and neurolaw. The techniques used by neuroscientists have also expanded enormously, from molecular and cellular studies of individual neurons to imaging of sensory and motor tasks in the brain

ECOLOGY

 

Ecology is the scientific study of the interactions between organisms and their environment. The term comes from the Greek 'study of house', or the study of the place we live in.

The scope of ecology is huge, and it encompasses all organisms living on Earth and their physical and chemical surroundings. For this reason, the field is usually divided into different levels of study including: organismal ecology, population ecology, community ecology and ecosystem ecology.

BIOMECHANICS

Biomechanics is the study of the structure and function of biological systems such as humans, animals, plantsorgans, fungi, and cells by means of the methods of mechanics.

It is also related to engineering, because it often uses traditional engineering sciences to analyze biological systems. Some simple applications of Newtonian mechanics and/or materials sciences can supply correct approximations to the mechanics of many biological systems.

COGNITION AND LANGUAGE

 

Cognition is the process of acquiring knowledge through perception, attention, association, memory, reasoning, judgment, imagination, thought, and language.
On the other hand, language can refer both to the specifically human capacity for acquisition and use of complex communication systems, and to a specific instance of a complex communication system.
The relation between both lies in the fact demonstrated in several studies that: the subject needs the language to develop, needs the knowledge (cognition to learn) to express itself, and the expression of this knowledge is given through language. There is an interdependence between cognition and language.